Biofeedback and electromedicine
This study investigated the relative efficacy of three treatment conditions/modalities, namely EMG biofeedback, microcurrent stimulation and the combined affect of the two, implemented for the purpose of alleviating and/or inhibiting chronic pain and associated muscle spasms, the two major components found within the “Vicious Cycle”. Measure used to assess treatment outcome included Subjective Units of Disturbance（SUDS），trunk mobility evaluation, daily pain record, microvoltage reading and pre- and post-treatment MMPI. Objective and subjective assessment and subsequent relative statistical analysis of findings demonstrated rehabilitative benefits in all treatment groups. The Biofeedback/Electrical Stimulation groups achieved, overall, greater therapeutic benefits than either modality used as a sole source of rehabilitation for the patient in the midst of the vicious cycle of pain and spasm.